Kutná Hora, included on the lists of the UNESCO, is a picturesque ancient town with cobblestone streets and beautiful, intact Gothic and Baroque townscape. The town owes its illustrious past to silver, discovered here during the 12th century. Already in the late 13th century, one third of Europe’s total production of silver came from Kutná Hora. The Prague groschen, one of Europe’s strongest currencies of the time, began to be minted here. Thanks to its wealth, Kutná Hora became the second most important town of the Kingdom of Bohemia, and an economic, political, and cultural rival for the capital city of Prague.
The most impressive monument of Kutná Hora, St. Barbara’s Cathedral (St. Barbara being the patron saint of miners), is only 10 minutes away from the main square. The cathedral with the netted vaulting is a masterpiece and a high point of the Gothic style in Bohemia. Other memorable sights include the Hrádek (Little Castle), which was once part of the town’s fortifications and now houses a museum of mining and coin production and a medieval mine tunnel; Vlámský dvůr (Italian Court), an old mint; St. James Church – originally a Gothic church dating from the early 1400s, the structure was almost entirely transformed into Baroque during the 17th and 18th centuries.
At the site of the former Sedlec Monastery, you may visit the All Saints’ Cemetery Chapel, decorated with the bones of some 40 000 people.